The halberd was a staff weapon favored by European infantries (foot soldiers) of the 1400s and 1500s for its versatility and deadly effect. The word halberd comes from the German words Halm (staff) and Barte (axe). The halberd is, in fact, an axe that served multiple functions: the axe blade was used for hacking, the spike for thrusting, and the beak for piercing plate armor or for pulling a knight from his saddle. The halberd was used by shock troops (those who lead an attack) and by Swiss and German mercenaries. After about 1550, the halberd gradually became less functional. Its large blade provided space for coats of arms and insignia. By the late 1500s, the parade halberd had become a ceremonial weapon for palace guards.
This small sword has a veritable panoply of animal imagery. Men ride horses across the crossguard, the horizontal element closest to the blade, and around the pommel, the globular tip of the handle. Mythical animals feature prominently on the guard, the semi-circular piece that covered the knuckles.
Basket-Hilt Broadsword ("Mortuary Sword")
The decoration on this sword's hilt includes an image of King Charles I of England (beheaded in 1649). Because the image resembles the king's death mask, this sword is known as a "mortuary sword." It may have belonged to Sir Thomas Fairfax, a general of the Parliamentary cavalry during the English Civil War (1642-51). Large, double-edged broadswords, designed for heavy cavalry use, were common from the 1600s through the 1800s.
The perforations within the blade were meant to provide elasticity, preventing it from snapping during vigorous parries. The serrations were arranged not for producing an unpleasant wound, but to "catch" the adversary's blade.
Saber with Scabbard,blade possibly dated to A.H. 1191/A.D. 1777–78
This is a classic example of a high-quality Iranian saber (shamshir) from the eighteenth century. The blade of crucible (“watered”) steel bears the names of the legendary Iranian swordsmith Asadullah of Isfahan and his patron Shah 'Abbas I of Persia (r. 1588–1629). As Asadullah’s name is found on blades inscribed with dates ranging from the fifteenth to the nineteenth century, it is likely that most of the signatures are false.
Sword and Scabbard (dpa’ rtags),18th–19th century
The subtly forged patterns on the blade and the silverwork of the hilt and scabbard represent Bhutanese swordsmithing at its very best. Unlike most countries, in Bhutan swords remain a widely recognized cultural and political symbol and are worn frequently by government ministers and members of parliament as part of their official dress on ceremonial occasions.
please excuse the extraneous html bits in some captions. That is from copy pasting text directly from my gmail emails, I believe. I thought I had fixed all of those errors, but seem to have missed some. There are no further on the queue with those html bits.
Knife Handle (Kozuka) Depicting Shells on Beach (海辺に貝散図小柄),ca. 1615–1868
The motif plate of this kozuka shows a beach with an arrangement of shells which are decorated with a differently colored abalone and mother-of-pearl inlay. The waves are decorated with a shell inlay as well. The areas that represent the beach show a sunago-zōgan inlay (lit. "sand inlay").
Sword (Rudus) and Scabbard,dated 1835
Muhammad Salih of Terumon
The sword is exceptional for the gold decoration inlaid on its blade, which includes a date and an inscription identifying the artist as "Muhammad Salih of the state of Terumon… in the village of Payung." While the place names appear to refer to Peninsular Malaysia, the form of the hilt, blade, and scabbard are distinctive to a region of northern Sumatra inhabited by the Aceh and Pakpak peoples. These elements suggest that the sword was made in Sumatra and then decorated in neighboring Malaysia.